The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is a two-door coupe that was manufactured and marketed by Chevrolet from 1970 to 2007 model years (non-continuously), encompassing six generations. Chevrolet positioned the Monte Carlo as a personal luxury car, with the last generation classified as a full-sized coupé.
The first four generations of the Monte Carlo (1970–1972, 1973–1977, 1978–1980, and 1981–1988) were of a rear-wheel-drive, V8-powered (a V6 engine from 1978) coupe design, using body-on-frame construction. The later rear-wheel-drive generations did not incorporate the trend of uni-body construction that became more prevalent in the early 1980s as automakers downsized their vehicle lines to satisfy increasing demand for fuel-economy after the 1973 oil crisis and the early 1980s recession.
After the discontinuation of the rear-drive Monte Carlo after 1988, the nameplate was revived in 1994 for the fifth-generation, a front-drive, V6-powered coupe based on the Chevrolet Lumina sedan. The sixth and final-generation Monte Carlo from 1999 was built alongside the Chevrolet Impala, which succeeded the Lumina as Chevrolet's mid-sized sedan. The Monte Carlo SS was revived from 1999 to 2007, that was initially powered by 3.8 L V6 (supercharged in 2004 and 2005) and by a 5.3 L V8 for 2006 and 2007.
The car was named for the city Monte Carlo in the Principality of Monaco, specifically the ward of Monte Carlo/Spélugues.